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An Overview of Alkyl polyglycosides for Cosmetic Formulators

Updated: Sep 18, 2021

The Green Surfactants may act as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, solubilizers and foaming agents. In cosmetic, green surfactants are used to formulate Shampoo, Face wash, Hand wash, Shower gel and many more cleansing products for skin and hair .In green surfactant the ingredients were derived from plants /plants based materials and biodegradable items. Green cleaners have minimal impact on the environment while effectively maintaining the standard of cleaning and hygiene.

a relatively new generation of commercially available environmentally friendly, mild, low-toxic, less-irritating and readily biodegradable

surfactants. They have become very important as high-performance components for cosmetic preparations due to their excellent environmental and skin compatibility. Alkyl polyglucosides are derived from sugars, usually glucose derivatives, and fatty alcohols. Alkyl polyglucosides surfactants are readily biodegradable, and have very low ecotoxicity than petrochemical-based surfactants.

Alkyl polyglycosides surfactants are prepared by the glycosylation of starch or monomer glucose with fatty alcohols.The optimum surface activity is obtained with an alkyl chain C 8 to C 16. For example Decyl Glucoside is formed by reacting a 10 carbon chain alcohol, decyl alcohol, with a cyclic form of glucose. Other alkyl glucoside ingredients that may be used in cosmetics include Coco Glucoside , Hexyl Glucoside ,Lauryl Glucoside ,Iso Octyl Glucoside ,Capryl/Caprylyl Glucoside and Alkyl Poly Ethoxy Carboxylate .These Green Surfactants are free from 1-4 dioxane which is carcinogenic.

The market for alkyl polyglycoside surfactants was mainly due to personal care industry. Over periods of time consumers have become aware of advantages of using alkyl polyglucoside based products. Increasing demand for safe and eco-friendly products from the consumers the Alkyl Polyglucoside surfactants products are becoming popular day-by-day and demand for its usage is increasing world wide. The demand for alkyl polyglucoside surfactants is growing due to its non-toxicity and high surface activity.

The attributes of Alkyl Polyglycosides are as follows :

1.Manufactured from renewable raw materials

2. Superior wetting properties, low surface tension

3.Safe and eco-friendly

4. Good compatibility with all other types of surfactants

5. Readily biodegradable

6. Good detergency property

7. Mild, low-toxic, low-irritating

8. Tolerant of high electrolyte formulations

9. Compatible with other Surfactants

10. Maintains skin moisture without dryness

11. Good foaming power

12. Free from carcinogenic 1,4-dioxane

13. Good Wetting, Solubilization and Emulsification property

Alkyl polyglycoside surfactants can be utilized in manufacturing of a variety of home care and personal care biodegradable products such as:

1.Face wash liquid , 2.Baby shampoos ,3.A variety of Shampoo ,4.Shower gel

5.Hand wash liquid ,6.Fruits & vegetables cleaner ,7.Laundry detergent liquid

8.Dish washing liquid ,9. Carpet cleaner 10. Feminine Hygiene wash liquid and many more.

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